Combining Mitomycin C and Regional 70 MHz Hyperthermia in Patients with Nonmuscle Invasive Bladder Cancer: A Pilot Study

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Geijsen E.D., de Reijke T.M., Koning C.C., Zum Vörde Sive Vörding P.J., de la Rosette J.J., Rasch C.R., van Os R.M., Crezee J.

 

Journal of Urology 2015

Purpose: Despite intravesical therapy with immunotherapy or chemotherapy intermediate and high risk nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer is associated with a high risk of recurrence and progression to muscle invasive bladder carcinoma. While intravesical hyperthermia combined with mitomycin C has proved effective to treat nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer, there is less experience with invasive regional 70 MHz hyperthermia and mitomycin C. Therefore, we examined the safety and feasibility of this treatment combination for intermediate and high risk nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer. Materials and Methods: Between 2009 and 2011, 20 patients with intermediate and high risk nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer were treated with intravesical mitomycin C (40 mg) combined with regional hyperthermia. Treatment consisted of 6 weekly sessions followed by a maintenance period of 1 year with 1 hyperthermia-mitomycin C session every 3 months. Regional hyperthermia was administered using a 70 MHz phased array system with 4 antennas. Toxicity was scored using CTC (Common Toxicity Criteria) 3.0. Results: The records of 18 of 20 patients could be analyzed. Median followup was 46 months. Of the 18 patients 15 (83%) completed the induction period of 6 treatments. Four patients (22%) discontinued treatment because of physical complaints without exceeding grade 2 toxicity. Toxicity scored according to CTC 3.0 was limited to grade 1 in 43% of cases and grade 2 in 14%. Mean T90 and T50 bladder temperatures were 40.6C and 41.6C, respectively. The 24-month recurrence-free survival rate was 78%. Conclusions: Treatment with regional hyperthermia combined with mitomycin C in patients with intermediate and high risk nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer is feasible with low toxicity and excellent bladder temperatures.

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