Targeting HER2 with T-DM1, an Antibody Cytotoxic Drug Conjugate, is Effective in HER2 Over Expressing Bladder Cancer

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Hayashi T., Seiler R., Oo H.Z., Jäger W., Moskalev I., Awrey S., Dejima T., Todenhöfer T., Li N., Fazli L., Matsubara A., Black P.C.

Journal of Urology 2015

Purpose: Systemic therapy for advanced bladder cancer has not changed substantially in more than 2 decades and mortality rates remain high. The recognition of HER2 over expression in bladder cancer has made HER2 a promising therapeutic target. T-DM1, a new drug consisting of the HER2 antibody trastuzumab conjugated with a cytotoxic agent, has been shown in breast cancer to be superior to trastuzumab. We tested T-DM1 in preclinical models of bladder cancer. Materials and Methods: We evaluated the effect of T-DM1 compared to trastuzumab in different invitro and invivo models of HER2 over expressing bladder cancer. Results: RT4V6 was the highest HER2 expressing bladder cancer cell line and it showed higher growth inhibition with T-DM1 compared to trastuzumab. T-DM1 but not trastuzumab induced apoptosis of RT4V6 cells after G2/M arrest on cell cycle analysis. HER2 expression was higher in cell lines with acquired cisplatin resistance compared to the corresponding parental cell lines. Resistant cells showed higher sensitivity to T-DM1 by the induction of apoptosis. In addition, cells cultured in anchorage independent conditions increased HER2 expression compared to cells cultured in adherent conditions and T-DM1 significantly inhibited colony formation in soft agar compared to trastuzumab. In an orthotopic bladder cancer xenograft model tumor growth of cisplatin resistant RT112 was significantly inhibited by T-DM1 via the induction of apoptosis compared to treatment with control IgG or trastuzumab. Conclusions: T-DM1 has promising antitumor effects in preclinical models of HER2 over expressing bladder cancer.

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