Schweizer M.T., Zhou X.C., Wang H., Bassi S., Carducci M.A., Eisenberger M.A., Antonarakis E.S.
European Urology 2014 66:4 (646-652)
Background Taxanes may partly mediate their effect in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) through disruption of androgen-receptor trafficking along microtubules. This raises the possibility of cross-resistance between androgen-directed agents and docetaxel. Objective To evaluate docetaxel efficacy after abiraterone treatment in CRPC patients. Design, setting, and participants This was a single-institution, retrospective analysis in CRPC patients (N = 119) who either received abiraterone before docetaxel (AD) (n = 24) or did not receive abiraterone before docetaxel (docetaxel-only; n = 95). Men initiated docetaxel between December 2007 (the date abiraterone was first used at our center) and May 2013. Outcome measurements and statistical analysis The primary efficacy end points were prostate-specific antigen progression-free survival (PSA-PFS) and clinical/radiographic progression-free survival (PFS) on docetaxel. Differences between groups were assessed using univariate and multivariable analyses. Results and limitations Men in the AD group had a significantly higher risk for progression than those in the docetaxel-only group. Median PSA-PFS was 4.1 mo in the AD group and 6.7 mo in the docetaxel-only group (p = 0.002). Median PFS was also shorter in the AD group (4.4 mo vs 7.6 mo; p = 0.003)…(ver más)