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The Effect of Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy on Perioperative Outcomes in Patients Who Have Bladder Cancer Treated with Radical Cystectomy: A Population-based Study

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Gandaglia G., Popa I., Abdollah F., Schiffmann J., Shariat S.F., Briganti A., Montorsi F., Trinh Q.-D., Karakiewicz P.I., Sun M.

[Article in Press] European Urology 2014

Background: Although therapeutic guidelines recommend the use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy before radical cystectomy (RC) in patients who have muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC), this approach remains largely underused. One of the main reasons for this phenomenon might reside in concerns regarding the risk of morbidity and mortality associated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Objective: To compare perioperative outcomes between patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy and those treated with RC alone. Design, setting, and participants: Relying on the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results-Medicare-linked database, 3760 patients diagnosed with MIBC between 2000 and 2009 were evaluated. Intervention: RC alone or RC plus neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Outcome measurements and statistical analysis: Complications occurred within 30 and 90 d after surgery. Heterologous blood transfusions (HBTs), length of stay (LoS), readmission, and perioperative mortality were compared. To decrease the effect of unmeasured confounders associated with treatment selection, propensity score-matched analyses were performed… (ver más)

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