Ultrasound examination and fine needle aspiration cytology – Useful for followup of the regional nodes in penile cancer?
Djajadiningrat R.S., Teertstra H.J., Van Werkhoven E., Van Boven H.H., Horenblas S.
Journal of Urology 2014 191:3 (652-655)
Purpose Routine followup of the groins of patients with penile squamous cell carcinoma after primary treatment consists of physical examination together with ultrasound of the groins, followed by fine needle aspiration cytology if suspicious. We assessed the value of this routine followup. Materials and Methods Using ultrasound and fine needle aspiration cytology we assessed 247 patients during followup who were treated from 2004 to 2010 and underwent dynamic sentinel node biopsy only or observation of the inguinal regions. A negative result was defined as no evidence of metastatic disease after at least 2 years of followup. We calculated the sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of ultrasound and ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration cytology using standard statistical methods… (ver más)